矢量微积分在流体力学中的应用 Vector Calculus With Applications in Fluid Mechanics MATH225

这是一份liverpool利物浦大学PHYS225的成功案例

矢量微积分在流体力学中的应用 Vector Calculus With Applications in Fluid Mechanics MATH225

$$
\frac{\partial}{\partial x_{k}}\left(\frac{\partial f_{i}}{\partial x_{j}}\right)(\boldsymbol{x})
$$
(which we call second-order derivatives of $f_{i}$ ) all exist and are continuous on $U$ for each $i=1, \ldots, m$ and $j, k=1, \ldots, n$. We denote the above second-order derivative by
$$
\frac{\partial^{2} f_{i}}{\partial x_{k} \partial x_{j}}(\boldsymbol{x})
$$
One can clearly iterate this process in order to define a function of class $C^{p}$ on $U$. If $f$ is of class $C^{p}$ for every $p \in \mathbb{N}$, then we say that it is of class $C^{\infty}$ on $U$.

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MATH225 COURSE NOTES :

$$
g: U \subset \mathbb{R}^{n} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}
$$
be a function of class $C^{1}$ on the open set $U$. Then
$$
\mathbf{F}:=\nabla g: U \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^{n}, \mathbf{F}(\boldsymbol{x})=\nabla g(\boldsymbol{x}):=\left(\frac{\partial g}{\partial x_{1}}(\boldsymbol{x}), \ldots, \frac{\partial g}{\partial x_{n}}(\boldsymbol{x})\right)
$$
is a vector field and is called the gradient field of $g$.








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